Surveying 101

(TREC #7720)

1      Introduction

1.1    Purpose of Course

This is part 1 of a 2-part class designed to introduce the learners to an overview of what a surveyor does. This portion of the course intends on presenting the learners with the history of surveying, survey terminology, math used in surveying, and how to order a survey.

1.2    Course Description

There is a common misconception among most people (and many Realtors) of what a surveyor does. Part 1 of this course teaches Realtors the basics of land surveying and instructs them how to property order a survey.

1.3    Target Audience

Tennessee Realtors who may need to call upon the services of a surveyor.

1.4    Knowledge and Skill Prerequisites

The following knowledge and skill prerequisites are required from the participants:

  • English language skills
  • Proficient with a standard calculator

1.5    Delivery Methods

This course is divided into 3 modules. Each module is comprised of individual lessons conveying information required for subsequent lessons.

Delivery of information takes place in a classroom setting as an interactive lecture. Graphic augmentation of the lecture content uses Prezi, PowerPoint, or slides/handouts. (Instructor will modify depending on available technology in the room.

 

2      Course Overview

2.1    Course Goals

Given access to the appropriate tools, the participant should be able to:

  • Discuss the history of surveying.
  • Define various terms and used by surveyors.
  • Describe what an easement is and its potential uses.
  • Recite the key elements in the hierarchy of evidence employed by surveyors.
  • Discuss the elements required for an adverse possession claim.
  • Differentiate between adverse possession and prescriptive rights.
  • Order a survey under various conditions and differing requirements.

2.2    Learning Environment

The course will be offered in any venue that “contains adequate space, seating, and equipment” (TREC Rule 1260-05-.03(1)(b)) and not prohibited by TREC Rule 1260-05-.06(1)(a) “conducted in a facility which is also utilized for conducting business of a broker or brokerage firm.”

The layout and availability of equipment will dictate the use of overhead projection or paper handouts.

2.3    Course Outline

Module/Lesson Objective
Module 1: Background Information The leaners should be able to explain the history of surveying, define various survey related terms, and describe the mathematical concepts utilized in surveying.
Lesson 1: History The participants should be able to:·         Discuss the history of surveying from ancient Babylon to modern day.

·         Identify the different eras in surveying defined by technology.

Lesson 2: Terminology The participants should be able to define various terms utilized by surveyors.
Lesson 3: Mathematics The participants should be able to:·         Identify the variables that go into the calculation of property boundaries.

·         List the three levels of accuracy as defined by the State of Tennessee.

Summary

 

Module/Lesson Objective
Module 2: Easements and Law Learners should be able to identify easements’ uses, discuss evidentiary hierarchy, and explain adverse possession and prescriptive rights.
Lesson 1: Easements The learners should be able to:·         Describe uses for easements.

·         Differentiate between and easement and a right of way.

·         Explain the difference between an easement and fee simple use.

Lesson 2: Rules and Guidelines The participants should be able to:·         Recite the key elements of the evidentiary hierarchy employed by surveyors.

·         Describe the requirements for an adverse possession or prescriptive right claim.

Summary

 

Module/Lesson Objective
Module 3: Ordering Learners should be able to order a survey appropriate to satisfy a client’s needs.
Lesson 1: How to order a survey The participants should be able to identify the variables that affect the cost of a survey and order a survey that accurately meets their client’s needs.
Summary

 

2.4    Approximate Module Duration

Module Approximate Duration (Minutes)
Module 1: Background Information 75
Module 2: Easements and Law 50
Module 3: Ordering 25
Total Module Duration 150 minutes

2.5    Approximate Course Duration

Total duration for the Surveying 101 course is 3 hours (150 minutes of instruction with 30 minutes of breaks).

3      Detailed Design

3.1    Module 1: Background Information

Module Objective: The leaners should be able to explain the history of surveying, define various survey related terms, and describe the mathematical concepts utilized in surveying.

Lesson 1: History
Lesson Objective: The participants should be able to discuss the history of surveying from ancient Babylon to modern day and identify the different eras in surveying defined by technology.
Topic Objective Instructional Activities
Topic 1: History The participants should be able to:·         Discuss the history of surveying from ancient Babylon to modern day.

·         Identify the different eras in surveying defined by technology.

Explain:·         Discuss the history of surveying.

·         Describe the eras of surveying as delineated by technological advances.

Activity:

Given visual aids/handouts, ask students to determine the era of the survey displayed.

Summary

 

Lesson 2: Terminology
Lesson Objective: The participants should be able to define various terms utilized by surveyors.
Topic Objective Instructional Activities
Topic 1: Taxonomy The participants should be able to define various terms utilized by surveyors. Explain:Discuss the terms and taxonomy utilized in surveying.

Activity:

Have the learners match a list of terms to their definitions.

Summary

 

Lesson 3: Mathematics
Lesson Objective: The participants should be able to identify the variables that go into the calculation of property boundaries and list the three levels of accuracy as defined by the State of Tennessee.
Topic Objective Instructional Activities
Topic 1: Measurement conversions The participants should be able to:·         Identify the various means of measuring property.

·         Convert between various measures.

Explain:·         Discuss the units of measurements and their conversion factors.

·         Demonstrate the conversion of units of measures used in surveying.

Activity:

Given a list of measurements, have the learners convert between common units.

Topic 2: Closure The participants should be able to:·         Explain the different types of closure.

·         List the three levels of accuracy as defined by the State of Tennessee.

Explain:·         Discuss closure – both boundary and survey.

·         Describe the varying levels of closure.

·         Demonstrate how to calculate closures.

Activity:

Given handouts portraying varying levels of closure, have the learners classify them into their appropriate category.

Topic 3: Curves The participants should be able to:·         List the primary elements of a curve.

·         Relate each element to its real world application.

Explain:·         Discuss the elements of a curve.

·         Demonstrate the effects changing the elements have on each other.

Activity:

Have the learners describe the difference elements of a curve and identify those directly related to them.

Summary

 

3.2    Module 2: Easements and Law

Module Objective: Learners should be able to identify easements’ uses, discuss evidentiary hierarchy, and explain adverse possession and prescriptive rights.

Lesson 1: Easements
Lesson Objective: The learners should be able to describe uses for easements, differentiate between and easement and a right of way, and explain the difference between an easement and fee simple use.
Topic Objective Instructional Activities
Topic 1: The learners should be able to:·         Describe uses for easements.

·         Differentiate between and easement and a right of way.

·         Explain the difference between an easement and fee simple use.

Explain:·         Discuss easements, right of ways, and fee simple properties.

·         Explain various uses for easements

Activity:

Given diagrams, learners will identify easements, right of ways, and fee simple property ownership.

Summary

 

Lesson 2: Rules and Guidelines
Lesson Objective: The participants should be able to recite the key elements of the evidentiary hierarchy employed by surveyors and describe the requirements for an adverse possession or prescriptive right claim.
Topic Objective Instructional Activities
Topic 1: Evidence The participants should be able to recite the key elements of the evidentiary hierarchy employed by surveyors. Explain:Discuss the various types of evidence utilized by surveyors and its standing in the evidentiary hierarchy.

Activity:

Have the learners rank lists of evidence in order of importance.

 

Topic 2: The participants should be able to: describe the requirements for an adverse possession or prescriptive right claim. Explain:Compare and contrast adverse possession and prescriptive rights.

Activity:

Have the learners determine if a given scenario qualifies for an adverse possession or prescriptive rights claim.

 

Summary

 

3.3    Module 3: Ordering

Module Objective: Learners should be able to order a survey appropriate to satisfy a client’s needs.

Lesson 1: How to order a survey
Lesson Objective: The participants should be able to identify the variables that affect the cost of a survey and order a survey that accurately meets their client’s needs.
Topic Objective Instructional Activities
Topic 1: Types of Surveys The participants should be able to:·         Describe the different types of surveys.

·         List the key variables affecting the survey order.

Explain:·         Describe the various types of surveys.

·         Outline factors that affect the cost of a survey

Activity:

Given a hypothetical scenario, have learners identify the factors relevant to the property in question.

Topic 2: Request The participants should be accurately able to request a survey that contains all desired elements. Activity:Provide the learners with various scenarios and working in teams, have them determine what is needed and request a survey from each other.

Explain:

Provide minimal guidance and assistance in the ordering process.

Summary